Steam and Pipefitters
Steam and pipefitters lay out, assemble, fabricate, maintain, troubleshoot and repair piping systems carrying water, steam, chemicals and fuel in heating, cooling, lubricating and other process piping systems.
 
Safety-related Activities
Reading
Read instructions and warnings written on labels, signs, packaging and technical drawings, e.g. read signs to learn about steam hazards and comments on technical drawings to learn about design changes. (Complexity: 1)
Read workplace safety materials, e.g. read rules to learn about personal protective equipment requirements and read Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) o understand the chemical composition of products and their possible hazards. (Complexity: 2)
Document Use
Observe hazard and safety icons, e.g. scan icons affixed to products, such as flux-core solders to learn about their toxic properties. (Complexity: 1)
Oral Communication
Participate in meetings, e.g. discuss safety hazards and work practices at safety meetings. (Complexity: 2)
Thinking
Evaluate the safety of work sites. They consider the hazards presented by elements, such as working from heights and in confined spaces. (Complexity: 2)
 
Steam and Pipefitting
Reading
Read a variety of manuals and quality control guidelines, e.g. read repair and installation manuals for technical information on equipment and fittings and to learn about installation, troubleshooting and maintenance procedures. (Complexity: 3)
Read job specification books to learn about project scopes and engineering requirements. (Complexity: 3)
Read codes and regulations, e.g. read codes to ensure the processes, such as the installation of high pressure boilers, meet industry and regulatory specifications. (Complexity: 4)
Read pipefitting textbooks to understand when specific systems are appropriate and to review technical procedures. (Complexity: 4)
Document Use
Enter and locate data, such as dates and identification numbers in labels and tags. (Complexity: 1)
Locate data in a variety of complex tables, e.g. locate data, such as dimensions, classifications, temperatures, tolerances, coefficients, identification numbers and quantities, in specification tables. (Complexity: 3)
Interpret and take measurements from mechanical drawings and photographs to identify how to install equipment for steam heating systems. (Complexity: 4)
Scan and interpret schematic diagrams and three-dimensional drawings to understand the routing of piping through below-ground and above-ground conduits and identify possible interferences. (Complexity: 4)
Oral Communication
Discuss specifications, safety concerns, timelines, procedures, expectations and other work-related matters with co-workers and other tradespeople, e.g. speak with forepersons about job assignments and with other tradespeople to co-ordinate activities and schedules. (Complexity: 2)
May provide detailed step-by-step instructions to customers, contractors, apprentices and other tradespeople. (Complexity: 3)
Thinking
Decide the order of repair and maintenance jobs, e.g. give priority to small tasks that can be turned around quickly and to commercial work that must be completed to keep those businesses operational. (Complexity: 1)
Decide which tools to use, procedures to follow and tests to perform to diagnose and repair vehicles. (Complexity: 1)
Decide to replace worn parts when repairs are not feasible and economical. They consider the condition of parts and their replacement cost. (Complexity: 2)
Evaluate the preparedness of job sites for piping installations. They consider the adequacy of access to work areas and lighting and protection from inclement weather. (Complexity: 2)
Assess the quality of piping installations and repairs. They take readings and measurements, observe the appearance of joints and check for signs of leaks. (Complexity: 3)
Decide the most efficient course of action to complete particular jobs, e.g. decide how to relocate piping when there are obstacles and how to order troubleshooting activities to efficiently diagnose faults by drawing upon engineering principles of force, fluid dynamics and expansion. (Complexity: 3)
Numeracy - Measurement and Calculation Math
Take a variety of measurements using basic tools, e.g. measure the lengths and diameters of pipes using tape measures. (Complexity: 1)
Calculate material requirements, e.g. calculate the amount of materials, such as valves, connectors and piping, needed to complete projects. (Complexity: 2)
Use formulae, e.g. use formulae to calculate the total falls on drain lines. (Complexity: 2)
Calculate the expansions and contractions of piping materials caused by temperature changes. (Complexity: 3)
Calculate capacities, e.g. ascertain the capacity of system piping by calculating the volumes of each differently sized system component using a variety of formulae. (Complexity: 4)
Calculate rolling offsets when installing fittings in piping systems, e.g. use offset distances, changes in elevations, Pythagorean formula and trigonometry tables to determine the required lengths of pipe. (Complexity: 4)
Numeracy - Data Analysis
Compare measurements to specifications, e.g. compare readings of particles per million in piping systems to standards. (Complexity: 1)
Calculate averages from sets of readings, e.g. take a series of pH readings to make sure levels are within the parameters recommended by boiler manufacturers. (Complexity: 2)
Analyze multiple pressure readings to evaluate plumbing system functions and troubleshoot faults, e.g. compare measurements of pressure to calculated and predicted values at various points in the system to identify the location of leaks. (Complexity: 3)
Numeracy - Numerical Estimation
Estimate the length of time that it will take to complete projects. They consider projects and the availability of materials and labour. (Complexity: 2)
Estimate the material requirements for projects. They consider project scope and materials needed for similar jobs in the past. (Complexity: 2)
 
General Administrative Activities
Reading
Read reminders and short notes from co-workers, e.g. read notes from forepersons to learn about equipment faults. (Complexity: 1)
Read memos, e.g. read memos from forepersons to learn about upcoming meetings and changes to operating procedures. (Complexity: 2)
Document Use
Complete a variety of checklists and forms, e.g. complete hazard assessment forms, timesheets and purchase orders by checking boxes and entering data, such as dates, times and quantities. (Complexity: 2)
Oral Communication
Speak with suppliers to learn about products, prices and delivery schedules. (Complexity: 1)
Talk to building inspectors and engineers, e.g. speak with Technical Standards and Safety Authority (TSSA) representatives about system certification requirements. (Complexity: 2)
Writing
Write reminders and short notes to customers and co-workers, e.g. write short notes to inform forepersons about repairs in progress and tasks to be completed. (Complexity: 1)
Write short comments in email, forms and log books, e.g. write notes to record progress being made on projects and write comments in order forms to specify delivery requirements. (Complexity: 1)
May describe project details on estimate sheets and work orders, e.g. describe piping installation tasks to be performed on job estimates. (Complexity: 2)
May write short reports, e.g. write about events leading up to workplace accidents when completing reports for workers’ compensation boards. (Complexity: 2)
Numeracy - Money Math
May receive cash, debit and credit card payments and make change. (Complexity: 1)
May approve payment for invoices submitted by suppliers, verifying the accuracy of the charges for parts ordered and received. (Complexity: 2)
May calculate amounts for estimates and invoices. They multiply hours worked by labour rates and add amounts for materials, supplies and applicable taxes. (Complexity: 3)
Numeracy - Scheduling, Budgeting and Accounting Math
May schedule the completion of complex projects by considering tasks, lead times and the availability of labour and parts. (Complexity: 2)
 
Use of Technology, Tools and Equipment
Reading
Read equipment warranties to understand what kinds of situations and practices can invalidate the warranties. (Complexity: 2)
Digital Technology - Word Processing
May use word processing software to write letters to customers and prepare job estimates and invoices. (Complexity: 2)
Digital Technology - Spreadsheets
May use spreadsheet software to tally costs for job estimates and invoices. (Complexity: 2)
Digital Technology - Databases
May use databases to enter and retrieve project information, such as specifications and technical drawings. (Complexity: 2)
Digital Technology - Communication Software
May use communication software to exchange email and attachments with customers, suppliers and co-workers. (Complexity: 2)
Digital Technology - Bookkeeping, Billing and Accounting Software
May use specialized billing and accounting software to input and track sales, produce invoices and estimates and print reports, such as income and expense statements. (Complexity: 2)
Digital Technology - Computer Assisted Design
May use computer-assisted design (CAD) software to access, modify and print technical drawings. (Complexity: 2)
Digital Technology - Internet
May use the Internet to access training courses and seminars offered by apprenticeship trainers, associations, unions, suppliers and employers. (Complexity: 2)
Use Internet browsers and search engines to access drawings, technical service bulletins, codes, specifications and troubleshooting guides. (Complexity: 2)
Digital Skills - Other Digital Technology
Use calculators and personal digital assistant (PDA) devices to complete numeracy-related tasks, such as calculating material requirements. (Complexity: 1)
May use CD-ROMs to access information, such as technical drawings and project specifications. (Complexity: 2)
May use project management software for complex equipment installations to schedule lead times and the completion of project milestones. (Complexity: 3)