Silviculture and Forestry Workers
Silviculture and forestry workers perform a variety of duties related to reforestation and to the management, improvement and conservation of forest lands.
 
Safety-related Activities
Reading
Read instructions and warnings written on signs, labels and packaging, e.g. read signs to learn about the location of hazards, such as high pressure gas lines. (Complexity: 1)
Read notices and bulletins, e.g. read notices from workers' compensation boards to learn about workplace hazards. (Complexity: 2)
Read workplace safety materials and procedures, e.g. read instructions on how to use personal protective equipment, work safely around chicots (dry or rotten trees) and handle hazardous products, such as gasoline. (Complexity: 2)
Document Use
Complete hazard assessment forms, e.g. record the outcomes of hazard assessments and complete checklists on worksite hazard assessment forms. (Complexity: 2)
Oral Communication
Listen to and provide warnings, e.g. listen for signals from co-workers about falling trees. (Complexity: 1)
Participate in group discussions, e.g. discuss safety, goals, procedures and time frames with firefighters, helicopter pilots and ground crews when fighting forest fires. (Complexity: 2)
Writing
Write short notes to co-workers, e.g. write short notes to co-workers to inform them about defective equipment. (Complexity: 1)
May write short incident reports, e.g. write short reports to describe complaints and events leading up to workplace accidents. (Complexity: 2)
Thinking
Decide to report unsafe work conditions. They act on requirements to report unsafe work conditions by discussing their concerns and decisions with co-workers and supervisors. (Complexity: 2)
Evaluate the safety of work conditions and tasks. They observe slipping and falling hazards and the locations of safety gear, such as fire suppression equipment. They take note of other potential hazards, such as chicots, improperly cut trees, broken equipment and signs of wildlife, such as bears. (Complexity: 3)
 
Reforestation and Conservation Activities
Reading
Read comments on forms and maps, e.g. read comments on maps to learn where trees need to be thinned. (Complexity: 1)
Read a variety of instructions and procedures, e.g. read instructions and procedures contained in orientation handbooks to learn how to plant trees and thin brush. (Complexity: 2)
May read contracts and regulations, e.g. read contracts to learn about the responsibilities of contractors and provincial regulations governing the use of heavy equipment, such as skidders used to prepare sites for reforestation. (Complexity: 4)
Document Use
Locate data on labels, e.g. locate data, such as dimensions, on labels attached to boxes of seedlings. (Complexity: 1)
Use symbols and icons, e.g. use symbols on maps for orientation and icons on product packaging to recognize hazardous materials. (Complexity: 1)
Complete a variety of forms, e.g. complete coded timesheets by entering hours worked and forest fire weather index forms by circling numbers and entering dates, times and coordinates. (Complexity: 2)
Locate data in a variety of tables and schedules, e.g. locate waypoints, such as latitudes and longitudes, in tables and dates, times and coordinates in burn schedules. (Complexity: 2)
Refer to pictures of various plant species in order to recognize them. (Complexity: 2)
Scan assembly drawings, e.g. scan assembly drawings of chainsaws to learn how to disassemble and reassemble them. (Complexity: 2)
Refer to maps and aerial photographs to learn about physical location coordinates, boundaries, distances and the location of work sites. (Complexity: 3)
Writing
May write silviculture prescriptions and management plans using repetitive standard wording. (Complexity: 2)
Thinking
Evaluate the performance of equipment, e.g. determine the need to sharpen chainsaws by evaluating the ability of chainsaws to make speedy cuts. (Complexity: 1)
Assess soil conditions. They consider factors, such as the rockiness of soil, amounts of clay, drainage conditions and accumulations of logging debris, when evaluating where to plant new seedlings. (Complexity: 2)
Assess weather conditions, e.g. evaluate the impact that winds and moisture levels will have on forest fires. (Complexity: 2)
Decide which trees to cut and which to leave and the best positioning of cuts to bring a tree down. (Complexity: 2)
Select the processes, parts, tools and equipment required to perform tasks, e.g. consider ground conditions and seedling types to determine planting locations. (Complexity: 2)
Numeracy - Measurement and Calculation Math
Take a variety of measurements using basic tools, e.g. measure the diameter of trees using tape measures. (Complexity: 1)
Calculate material requirements, e.g. calculate the number of seedlings needed to complete a project. (Complexity: 2)
Calculate the number of trees planted on a per hectare basis using data, such as planting plot assessments. (Complexity: 2)
May use precision instruments to measure the height of trees and the grade of slopes, e.g. use clinometers to determine the height of trees. (Complexity: 3)
Numeracy - Data Analysis
Compare actual plant counts to specifications, e.g. compare the number of seedlings planted to project requirements. (Complexity: 1)
May calculate averages, e.g. calculate the average number of trees planted per acre. (Complexity: 2)
Numeracy - Numerical Estimation
May estimate production rates, e.g. estimate the number of acres that can be thinned in one day. (Complexity: 1)
May estimate requirements, e.g. how much fuel will be needed to operate chainsaws. (Complexity: 1)
May estimate the number of firefighters required to bring a fire under control, based on numerous factors, such as an assessment of wind conditions, surface moisture and the likelihood of precipitation. (Complexity: 3)
 
General Administrative Activities
Document Use
May enter data into complex forms, e.g. complete fire cost reports using information from a variety of sources, such as fire diaries. (Complexity: 3)
Oral Communication
Exchange information with co-workers, e.g. talk to supervisors to learn about job assignments, coordinate activities and discuss schedules. (Complexity: 2)
May discuss planting requirements and strategies with forest service personnel. (Complexity: 2)
May provide detailed, step-by-step instructions, e.g. explain to new employees the procedures for working safely around chicots (dry or rotten trees) and the use of equipment such as chainsaws. (Complexity: 3)
Writing
Write short comments in logbooks, e.g. write entries in logbooks to record the number and types of trees and plants. (Complexity: 1)
May write fire cost reports to report the outcomes of fire suppression activities. (Complexity: 2)
May write short descriptions, e.g. write short descriptions on pre-harvest assessment forms to report the relative health of stands and any visible signs of disease or insect damage. (Complexity: 2)
Numeracy - Money Math
May calculate their pay, e.g. use factors, such as rate per acre and rate per tree, to calculate money owed to them. (Complexity: 2)
 
Use of Technology, Tools and Equipment
Reading
Read a variety of manuals, e.g. read manuals to learn how to operate and maintain equipment, such as chainsaws and firefighting gear. (Complexity: 3)
Document Use
Read gauges and digital readouts, e.g. scan digital readouts to determine the operating condition of equipment. (Complexity: 1)
Digital Technology - Word Processing
May use word processing software to write reports. (Complexity: 2)
Digital Technology - Spreadsheets
May enter data into spreadsheets to tally amounts for invoices and estimates. (Complexity: 2)
Digital Technology - Communication Software
May use email to exchange information and documents with co-workers. (Complexity: 2)
Digital Technology - Internet
May use Internet browsers to access weather forecasts and advisories. (Complexity: 2)
May use the Internet to access training courses and seminars offered by suppliers, employers and trainers. (Complexity: 2)
Digital Skills - Other Digital Technology
May use calculators and personal digital assistant (PDA) devices to complete numeracy-related tasks, such as calculating material requirements. (Complexity: 1)
May use hand-held digital data loggers to record data, such as latitudes and longitudes. (Complexity: 1)
Use global positioning system (GPS) devices to map locations and determine elevations and coordinates. (Complexity: 1)
Use two-way radios and satellite phones to communicate with co-workers. (Complexity: 1)