Automotive Painters
Automotive painters prepare body surfaces on motor vehicles, and apply paint and other coatings.
 
Safety-related Activities
Reading
Read instructions on labels, e.g. read labels to determine the safe use and storage of paints and thinners. (Complexity: 1)
Read safety related instructions, e.g. read hazardous material handling instructions in Material Safety Data Sheets and instructions for the use of personal protective equipment such as air respirators. (Complexity: 2)
Document Use
Observe hazard and safety icons, e.g. scan icons affixed to paints to learn about the product’s toxic properties. (Complexity: 1)
Writing
May write reports to describe events leading up to workplace accidents, e.g. write about injuries and events when completing reports for workers' compensation boards. (Complexity: 2)
Thinking
Decide which personal protective equipment to use when painting. They consider the size of the areas to be painted and the types of paint being used when choosing between facemasks and air respirators. (Complexity: 2)
 
Painting-related Activities
Reading
Read brochures and pamphlets, e.g. read brochures to learn about new automotive paint finishes and equipment. (Complexity: 2)
Document Use
Locate data as mixing ratios, drying times and expiration dates on product labels. (Complexity: 1)
Use colour chips to locate paint codes for non-standard vehicle colours. They locate paint codes by visually comparing different colour chips to vehicle paint colours until direct matches are found. (Complexity: 2)
Use colour wheels, colour charts and code books to determine the various tints required to produce a desired colour. (Complexity: 2)
Oral Communication
May speak with customers about the scope and expected cost of paint projects, e.g. describe the type of paint to be used and answer questions customers may have. (Complexity: 2)
Talk with co-workers about a wide range of topics including paint preparation methods, application techniques, problems and job task scheduling. (Complexity: 2)
Thinking
Assess the need for additional coats of primer after inspecting the results of previous applications. (Complexity: 1)
Decide how to cure fresh paints and primers. They consider the size of the surface areas to be dried and the benefits of using ultraviolet, infrared or air-drying techniques. (Complexity: 2)
Decide the order and priority of painting related tasks. They consider the availability of equipment such as paint booths and the priority of unfinished work. (Complexity: 2)
Evaluate whether paint jobs should pass final inspection by considering the severity and frequency of defects such as blemishes, lines, paint runs and colour mismatches. (Complexity: 2)
Judge the adequacy of vehicle preparation to determine if cars are ready for painting. They analyze the quality of sanding, how well primers have been applied and surface cleanliness to assess whether painting should proceed as planned. (Complexity: 2)
Make decisions about which paints to use to create desired finishes. They choose paint products according to the types of surfaces being painted, budgets and the results desired by customers. (Complexity: 2)
Numeracy - Measurement and Calculation Math
May measure the viscosity of primers and paints by timing drip-rates using Zahn cups. (Complexity: 1)
Use ratio sticks and electronic scales to measure quantities of tints and base colours needed to produce different amounts of coloured paint. (Complexity: 2)
Numeracy - Numerical Estimation
Estimate how long it will take to complete repairs and painting tasks. They consider the size of the area to be repaired or painted, painting and drying techniques employed, materials used and special requirements such as pinstriping. (Complexity: 2)
 
General Administrative Activities
Reading
Read letters and comment cards, e.g. read comment cards by customers to determine satisfaction levels. (Complexity: 2)
Read memos to learn about work schedules, performance goals and changes to operating procedures. (Complexity: 2)
Read text entries in a variety of forms, e.g. read instructions to learn how to complete claim forms and notes from shop supervisors requesting the application of special decals. (Complexity: 2)
Document Use
Enter data on a variety of forms, e.g. enter times and dates on time sheets and information such as times, dates, quantities and costs on work orders. (Complexity: 2)
Locate data on a variety of forms and tables, e.g. locate data such as dates, times and colour codes on work orders forms and drying times, temperatures and ratios on specification tables. (Complexity: 2)
Oral Communication
Order parts, materials and supplies such as masking tape, paint and thinners by telephone. (Complexity: 1)
Participate during meetings, e.g. discuss production problems and workflow processes with co-workers during staff meetings. (Complexity: 2)
May talk to dissatisfied customers, e.g. speak with disgruntled customers to learn about their complaints and to negotiate solutions. (Complexity: 3)
Writing
Write short statements on product defect forms to describe defective materials, e.g. write notes to explain that batches of paints do not adhere properly to primed surfaces. (Complexity: 1)
Write short notes on forms, e.g. write comments on work orders to explain what work was carried out and describe irregularities. (Complexity: 2)
Thinking
May assess the skill level of helpers and apprentices. They consider the worker's ability to follow instructions and complete work within specified timelines and quality guidelines. (Complexity: 2)
Numeracy - Money Math
May pay cash-on-delivery for parts, materials and supplies ordered. (Complexity: 1)
May check quantities, prices and totals on supplier invoices and approve them for payment. (Complexity: 2)
Numeracy - Scheduling, Budgeting and Accounting Math
May create schedules to plan and control the amount of time spent on vehicles. (Complexity: 2)
Numeracy - Measurement and Calculation Math
May tally hours on work orders to determine the total amount of billable time. (Complexity: 1)
Numeracy - Data Analysis
May compare the actual times taken to complete painting tasks to flat rates. (Complexity: 1)
 
Use of Technology, Tools and Equipment
Reading
May read website articles and trade publications, e.g. read articles on manufacturers’ websites to learn about new paint booth technologies. (Complexity: 3)
Read a variety of equipment manuals, e.g. read manuals to learn how to assemble, use, clean and service air respirators. (Complexity: 3)
Read instruction manuals for the use of computerized databases and paint systems, e.g. read online user guides to learn how mix specific types of paints and clear coats. (Complexity: 3)
Digital Technology - Databases
Operate computer programs that integrate database functions with electronic measuring devices. Using touch-screen technology, automotive painters enter data to retrieve paint formulas and then follow instructions to select and mix the correct quantity of ingredients to create the desired amount and colour of paint. (Complexity: 2)
Digital Technology - Internet
May use the Internet to access training courses and seminars offered by apprenticeship trainers, suppliers, employers and sector councils, e.g. learn about WHMIS for the collision shop by accessing videos, learning guides and exams delivered over the Internet by the Canadian Automotive and Repair Sector Council. (Complexity: 2)
Use browsers and search engines to access websites operated by paint and equipment suppliers. They navigate web pages to locate information such as equipment specifications and user guides. (Complexity: 2)
Digital Technology - Other Digital Technology
May use personal digital assistant (PDA) devices to complete numeracy-related tasks such as calculating material requirements. (Complexity: 1)
Use electronic hand-held wands to scan vehicle paint colours and determine paint colours and codes. (Complexity: 1)